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Linux package formats

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Linux package formats are the different file formats used to package software for various Linux distributions. These are the principal kinds of package: binary and source packages.

Examples:

apk — used on Android.


deb — Debian package, originally from Debian. Used by Debian and derivatives such as Ubuntu.


ebuild — the file containing information on how to retrieve, compile, and install a package in Gentoo's Portage system using the command emerge. Typically these are source-primary installs, though binary packages can be installed in this fashion as well. Gentoo-based distributions also use the ebuild system from the same Portage tree.


RPM — RPM Package Manager, originally from Red Hat, is now used by many other distributions as well, like openSUSE, Mandriva and Alt Linux.


pkg.tar.xz — used by Arch Linux's Pacman package manager


PISI is used by Pardus.


tgz or tar.gz — standard tar + gzip, possibly with some extra control files — used by Slackware and others, or sometimes when distributing very simple handmade packages.


SuperDeb — an installer containing a program plus all the dependencies needed, used in Super OS.


LZM — Used by Slax. Opens with Slax Module Manager, and then gets installed to the KDE menu as a Desktop Config file. May be placed into the Slax CD's Modules folder to get installed at boot.


PUP and PET - used by Puppy Linux and derivatives - click and install package type. OS can be installed to a flash drive for portability and will bring apps with it.

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