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Slackware/First steps with Slackware

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Some of the first step after installing Slackware, to make the system more usable, include:

Configuring the kernel

This may need to be your first step in order to get the right drivers for all your devices.

The general steps could be:

  1. cd /usr/src/linux
  2. make xconfig
  3. make bzImage
  4. make modules
  5. make modules_install
  6. cp .config /boot/config
  7. cp System.map /boot
  8. cp arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot/vmlinuz
  9. /sbin/lilo

Things that may change here include the path in step1, the choice of configure in step 2 (e.g. make oldconfig if you already have a .config, make menuconfig if you're not running it under X), copying the files under other names in steps 6-8 and then creating symlinks, and using a boot loader other than lilo.

You may have to add several /sbin/modprobe lines in your /etc/rc.d/rc.modules file to load modules that are not loaded automatically.

Configuring X

Configuring your WM or DE

Configuring sound

The first step to get sound working is to make sure you have a module for your sound card loaded into the kernel. Perform an Internet search to identify what the module (or driver) is called for your sound card. Looking in the kernel sources under Documentation/sound may also help. If the kernel you are using has not been built with support for your sound card you may have to built a new one. See how to build a kernel for some more information, and make sure you use ALSA with OSS-Emulation if your sound card supports it. If you build the driver into the kernel it will get loaded automatically, but this is not recommended as it bloats the kernel and it may add instability. Thus to load a module simply type /sbin/modprobe MODULE_NAME as root (or using sudo).

Next, if you've gotten the module loaded, make sure that the volumes are not turned off. To do this run /usr/bin/alsamixer and then to save the settings run /usr/sbin/alsactl store as root.

This should be all you need to get sound working under Slackware, but other applications or desktop environments may require additional steps.

Configuring multimedia keys

Under X, the multimedia keys can be mapped to generate certain events. xmodmap is used to map the key pressed to these symbolic events that X applications can understand. Your Window Manager or Desktop Environment may then allow you to map key combinations for various applications to these X events. So the two parts of the equation are the keycode and the X event keysym. To get the keycode of a certain key, you can run xev. You then enter the mappings in the ~/.Xmodmap file.

Here's what the lines that you are aiming for look like:

state 0x0, keycode 162 (keysym 0x1008ff14, XF86AudioPlay), same_screen YES,

You can see in there both the keycode and the keysym for the play/pause button on a Microsoft Comfort Curve 2000 keyboard. As an example, KDE's KHotKeys allows you to map XF86AudioPlay to the MPlayer's 'c' keypress which toggles between pause/play.

.Xmodmap sample file

keycode 122 = XF86Search
keycode 130 = XF86HomePage
keycode 160 = XF86AudioMute
keycode 161 = XF86Calculator
keycode 162 = XF86AudioPlay
keycode 174 = XF86AudioLowerVolume
keycode 176 = XF86AudioRaiseVolume
keycode 233 = XF86Forward
keycode 234 = XF86Back
keycode 236 = XF86Mail

Various keyseyms

XF86AddFavorite
XF86ApplicationLeft
XF86ApplicationRight
XF86AudioLowerVolume
XF86AudioMedia
XF86AudioMute
XF86AudioNext
XF86AudioPause
XF86AudioPlay
XF86AudioPrev
XF86AudioRaiseVolume
XF86AudioRecord
XF86AudioRewind
XF86AudioStop
XF86Away
XF86Back
XF86BackForward
XF86Book
XF86BrightnessAdjust
XF86CD
XF86Calculater
XF86Calculator
XF86Calendar
XF86Clear
XF86Close
XF86Community
XF86ContrastAdjust
XF86Copy
XF86Cut
XF86DOS
XF86Display
XF86Documents
XF86Eject
XF86Excel
XF86Explorer
XF86Favorites
XF86Finance
XF86Forward
XF86Game
XF86Go
XF86History
XF86HomePage
XF86HotLinks
XF86Launch0
XF86Launch1
XF86Launch2
XF86Launch3
XF86Launch4
XF86Launch5
XF86Launch6
XF86Launch7
XF86Launch8
XF86Launch9
XF86LaunchA
XF86LaunchB
XF86LaunchC
XF86LaunchD
XF86LaunchE
XF86LaunchF
XF86LightBulb
XF86LogOff
XF86Mail
XF86MailForward
XF86Market
XF86Meeting
XF86Memo
XF86MenuKB
XF86MenuPB
XF86Messenger
XF86ModeLock
XF86Music
XF86MyComputer
XF86MySites
XF86New
XF86News
XF86OfficeHome
XF86Open
XF86OpenURL
XF86Option
XF86Paste
XF86Phone
XF86Pictures
XF86PowerDown
XF86PowerOff
XF86Q
XF86Refresh
XF86Reload
XF86Reply
XF86RockerDown
XF86RockerEnter
XF86RockerUp
XF86RotateWindows
XF86RotationKB
XF86RotationPB
XF86Save
XF86ScreenSaver
XF86ScrollClick
XF86ScrollDown
XF86ScrollUp
XF86Search
XF86Send
XF86Shop
XF86Sleep
XF86Spell
XF86SplitScreen
XF86Standby
XF86Start
XF86Stop
XF86Support
XF86TaskPane
XF86Terminal
XF86ToDoList
XF86Tools
XF86Travel
XF86User1KB
XF86User2KB
XF86UserPB
XF86VendorHome
XF86Video
XF86WWW
XF86WakeUp
XF86WebCam
XF86WheelButton
XF86Word
XF86Xfer
XF86ZoomIn
XF86ZoomOut
XF86iTouch

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